Filipino journalists trusted NGOs more than Noynoy Aquino

 

Former President Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III enjoyed consistently high trust ratings during his term based on national surveys in the Philippines, and this appears to be true even among journalists in the country.

A national survey of Filipino journalists conducted during Aquino’s final year in office showed an average trust rating of 2.66 out of 5, which translates to about 53%.

Of the 349 journalists surveyed, 1.5% reported having a “complete trust” in the former president, 12.6% reported having a “great deal of trust,” while 49.7% reported having “some trust.”

Some 36.2% reported having “little” to “no trust at all.”

Aquino’s trust rating among journalists is higher than that of either the House of Representatives (48%) or the Senate (51%).

Trust

The survey is part of the Worlds of Journalism Survey, a global project involving journalism researchers from more than 70 countries.

 

The journalists who joined the survey also reported similar levels of trust for the police (51%) and the military (53%).

In contrast, journalists seem to trust non-governmental organizations (61%), the judiciary (59%), and religious leaders (58%) quite well.

Of all the different institutions included in the survey, the journalists trusted the news media (68%) the most.

Skepticism is considered to be important in journalism practice, as journalists need to constantly question authorities to report accurately and truthfully.

Thus, understanding journalists’ level of trust in the institutions they routinely cover is also important, because such perceptions can affect their reporting.

The survey, conducted between May and December last year, is part of the Worlds of Journalism Survey, a global project involving journalism researchers from more than 70 countries.

The respondents from the Philippines included journalists from local, regional, and national news organizations. Some 51% were female and 49% were male.

The sample also included journalists across different positions, from reporters to editors-in-chief. The survey has a margin of error of +/- 5.

The author is a journalism researcher and professor at the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. His research focuses on the impact of new technologies on journalistic practice. He is also a former journalist from the Philippines.

 

 

 

 

 

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Filipino journalists face low pay, violence, restricted info access

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JOURNALIST AT WORK. A photo I took while covering the special elections in Lanao del Sur in May 2007. The elections there had to be postponed because of violence.

Low pay, media killings and restrictions to information access are the three most important problems facing journalists in the Philippines, results of a national survey of journalists showed.

A survey of 349 journalists in the Philippines, conducted between May and December last year, found that 38.2% identified low pay and poor working conditions as the most important problem journalists in the Philippines have to endure.

About 21% identified violence against journalists as the most important problem, while 9.5% referred to problems with information access, primarily citing the lack of a freedom of information (FOI) law in the country as well as different forms of government pressure.

The survey is part of the Worlds of Journalism Survey, a global project involving journalism researchers from more than 70 countries.

In the Philippines, journalists were asked to identify what they considered as the most important problem confronting journalists in the country.

The respondents were allowed to write their answers using their own words. The responses were then categorized and analyzed by the researcher.

The respondents also identified the following problems: decreasing media credibility (8.5%), increasing pressure from audiences and new technologies (7.5%), corruption among journalists (6.5%), increasing pressure from owners (5.2%), and sensationalism in reporting (3.6%).

The respondents include journalists from local, regional, and national news organizations.

Some 51% were female and 49% were male. The sample also includes journalists across different positions, from reporters to editors-in-chief.

 

The author is a journalism researcher and professor at the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. His research focuses on the impact of new technologies on journalistic practice. He is also a former journalist from the Philippines. Email him at edson[at]ntu.edu.sg

The future of print: Newspaper crisis in Germany, rising circulation figures in Peru

Koln, Germany; Lima, Peru

Koln, Germany; Lima, Peru

What does the future hold for print journalism?

It depends on where you ask.

In the US, many have already given up hope amid plummeting circulation figures and dwindling advertising revenues. But then, journalism’s two new Js—Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos and Boston Red Sox owner John Henry—did not purchase the Washington Post and the Boston Globe just to lose money.

In Germany, Spiegel reports about a newspaper crisis: Local newspapers in Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich “have lost about 30 percent of their readers in the last decade.”

But then you have a tabloid called Trome in Peru, the best-selling Spanish newspaper in the world with nearly 700,000 copies sold daily. The Society of Journalism Businesses of Peru (SEPP) says newspaper circulation in Peru rose to 1.9 million in 2012 from 1.2 million in 2007, according to this report.

Also, a study projects newspaper circulation in Latin America will grow 10 percent in the next three years.

The newspaper might be old, even worn out, challenged continually as it is by every single innovation in mass communication.

But it might be true, what people say: first love—or in this case journalism’s first mass medium—never dies.

US newsrooms evaluating reporters based on story clicks?

By Mike Jenner & Edson C. Tandoc Jr.
Missouri School of Journalism

Poster presented during the ICA conference in London.

Poster presented during the ICA conference in London.

 

An increasing number of online newsrooms in the US have started using web metrics to determine if their editors and reporters are doing well, a survey of top-level news editors found.

In a survey conducted among 114 members of the American Society of News Editors (ASNE), some 21 percent reported that they use web metrics as part of the performance evaluation of their employees.

This reflects the increasing impact of how newsrooms in the country are using web metrics in their news work, based on the results of the web-based survey conducted last year.

The same survey found that more and more newsrooms are using web metrics to guide editorial decisions, such as planning coverage and deploying resources.

Web metrics were initially used to guide decisions on story selection and placement. For example, some 72 percent said they use web metrics to decide how prominently to display stories on the website while some 62 percent said they use metrics to help them design the website.

But some 73 percent said they use metrics information to decide “if we will assign additional stories or coverage,” while some 63 percent said metrics were useful in helping “determine how to write the headline.”

A possible explanation to this increasing impact of web metrics on editorial decisions is that in 51 percent of the newsrooms which participated in the survey, web metrics reports are put together by the newsroom staff.

Some 51% said their editorial staff monitors web metrics for the newsroom.

Some 51% said their editorial staff monitors web metrics for the newsroom.

Only 22 percent said their web metrics report comes from an IT division, while some 11 percent said the report comes from the marketing department.

The survey results are not generalizable to all online newsrooms in the US.

ASNE members were invited to participate in the survey last year, but only 114 completed the survey.

The results, however, provide information about the trend of how many newsrooms in the US are using web analytics in their news work.

Only one top-level editor per newsroom was invited to participate in the survey.

The survey participants reported they mainly monitor the number of unique visitors (85 percent) to the site.

The other key performance indicators that the top-level editors monitor include: most read articles (83.6 percent), number of page views (83.2 percent), top pages (82.1 percent), number of visits (80.3 percent), sources of traffic (73.8 percent), and session duration (72.9 percent).

Some 55 percent monitor web metrics using software created by a third-party vendor, such as Adobe’s Omniture (Site Catalyst) while some 41 percent still depend on free online programs, such as Google Analytics.

Of the news editors who participated in the survey, majority claimed to have had informal training on web analytics (51.4 percent) while some claimed to have self-taught knowledge or no training at all (25 percent).

A paper based on this survey was presented at the International Communication Association conference in London in June.